France is a Western European country that comprises medieval cities, alpine villages and Mediterranean beaches. Paris is the capital of France. It is famed for its fashion houses, traditional art galleries, including the Louvre and monuments like the Eiffel Tower. The country is also famous for its wines and sophisticated cuisine. Lascaux’s ancient cave drawings, Lyon’s Roman theatre and the vast Palace of Versailles attest to its rich history.
Hiking is the approved term in Canada and the United States, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails (footpaths), in the countryside. In contrast, the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks. On the other hand, in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, the word “walking” is acceptable to describe all forms of walking, whether it is a walk in the park or backpacking in the Alps.
The word hiking is also often used in the UK, rambling (a slightly old-fashioned term), hillwalking, and fell walking (mainly for hillwalking in northern England). The term bushwalking is endemic to Australia, adopted by the Sydney Bush Walkers club in 1927. In New Zealand, a long, vigorous walk or hike is called tramping. It is a popular activity with numerous hiking organizations worldwide, and studies suggest that all forms of walking have health benefits.
Jungle Safari is an overland adventure, usually a trip by tourists in Africa. In the past, the trip was often a big-game hunt, but today, safaris are often to observe and photograph wildlife—or hiking and to tour, as well.
The hunting aspect traditionally connected with the safari is said to have its origins in the early 1800s in the region of Évora, Alentejo, where villagers hunt wild boar and reclaim land for farming. In 1836 William Cornwallis Harris began an expedition merely to observe and document wildlife and sceneries by the expedition’s members. Harris instituted the safari style of journey, starting with a not-too strenuous rising at first light, an energetic day walking, an afternoon rest, ending with a formal dinner and discussing tales in the evening over drinks and tobacco.
Paragliding is the recreational and competing event sport of flying paragliders: lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid basic structure. The pilot remains in a harness suspended below a fabric wing. Wing shape supported by the suspension lines, the pressure of air entering vents in the front of the wing, and the aerodynamic forces of the air flowing over the outside.
Despite not using an engine, paraglider flights can last many hours and cover many hundreds of kilometres, though flights of one to two hours and covering some tens of kilometres are more the norm. By experienced exploitation of sources of lift, the pilot may gain height, often climbing to altitudes of a few thousand meters.
Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater.Scuba divers carry their own source of breathing gas, usually compressed air, allowing them greater independence and freedom of movement than surface-supplied divers, and longer underwater endurance than breath-hold divers. Open circuit scuba systems discharge the breathing gas into the environment as it is exhaled, and consist of one or more diving cylinders containing breathing gas at high pressure which is supplied to the diver through a regulator.
They may include additional cylinders for range extension, decompression gas or emergency breathing gas. Closed-circuit or semi-closed circuit rebreather scuba systems allow recycling of exhaled gases. The volume of gas used is reduced compared to that of open circuit, so a smaller cylinder or cylinders may be used for an equivalent dive duration. Rebreathers extend the time spent underwater compared to open circuit for the same gas consumption; they produce fewer bubbles and less noise than open circuit scuba which makes them attractive to covert military divers to avoid detection, scientific divers to avoid disturbing marine animals, and media divers to avoid bubble interference.
Dedicated road bicycles have drop handlebars and multiple gears, although there are single and fixed gear varieties. Road bikes also use narrow, high-pressure tires to decrease rolling resistance, and tend to be somewhat lighter than other types of bicycle. The drop handlebars are often positioned lower than the saddle in order to put the rider in a more aerodynamic position. In an effort to become more aerodynamic, some riders have begun using aerobars.
And when aerobars where invented is unclear but they seem to date back to the early 1980s. The light weight and aerodynamics of a road bike allows this type of bicycle to be the second most efficient self-powered means of transportation, behind only recumbent bicycles due to the latter’s higher aerodynamic efficiency.
Mountain bikes fitted with slick or semi-slick are also popular for commuters. Though less efficient, the upright riding position allows the cyclist a better view of traffic, and they can also be readily fitted with mudguards, cargo racks and other accessories. Mountain bikes are usually ridden on unpaved roads and tracks but they are not to be confused with cyclocross bikes.