Dubai is a city located on the Persian Gulf shore of the United Arab Emirates and is approximately at sea level (16 m or 52 ft above). The emirate of Dubai shares boundaries, including Abu Dhabi, which is in the south, Sharjah in the northeast and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast. Hatta, a secondary exclamation of the emirate, is enclosed on three planes by Oman and the emirates of Ajman and Ras Al Khaimah. The Persian Gulf joins the western coast of the emirate. Dubai is found at 25.2697°N 55.3095°E and covers 1,588 sq mi (4,110 km2), representing a notable expansion exceeding its initial 1,500 sq mi (3,900 km2) classification due to land reclamation from the sea.
Dubai rests directly within the Arabian Desert. Nevertheless, the topography of Dubai is significantly distinct from that of the southern part of the United Arab Emirates. Much of Dubai’s scenery is highlighted by sandy desert patterns, while gravel deserts dominate much of the country’s southern region. The sand consists primarily of crushed scale and coral and is distinct, clear also white. East of the capital, the salt-crusted adjacent fields, known as sabkha, give way to a north-south running range of dunes. Far away east, the dunes grow larger and are tinged red with iron oxide.